What is normal liver function?
The liver is the largest internal organ in the body and is situated in the upper right abdomen. It has a number of important metabolic functions, which are carried out by the cells of the liver, known as hepatocytes.
The main functions are:
- Synthesis and storage of carbohydrates including glycogen and release of glucose into the blood stream.
- Synthesis of proteins e.g. albumin, and lipids e.g. cholesterol, which have important functions throughout the body.
- Production of bile secreted into the gut aiding digestion of fats.
- Production of blood clotting factors.
- Storage organ for fats and fat-soluble vitamins (vitamins A, D, E and K).
- Removal of toxins from the body including alcohol and metabolism of drugs.