Statutory Sick Pay
Most employees get Statutory Sick Pay (SSP) from their employers when they are unable to work as a result of illness. SSP can be paid for a maximum of 28 weeks. Spells of incapacity separated by 8 weeks or less count as one.
For the first seven days of incapacity a patient completes a self-certificate:
- SC2 – used if they are in employment and the employer does not have their own self-certification forms. The employee gives the form to their employer.
- SC1 – used if the individual is self-employed or unemployed. The employee gives the form to Jobcentre Plus.
The self-employed or the unemployed can claim Employment and Support Allowance straight away.
After 7 days, the patient’s employer can ask for reasonable medical evidence to support payment of SSP. The patient can obtain a medical statement confirming that their GP has advised them to refrain from work.
If the patient is still incapable of work after 28 weeks, they may make a claim for Employment and Support Allowance.